Mexican Independence Day is celebrated for the events that occurred on September 16, 1810. This is a completely different set of events from what we know occurred on May 5th, 1862 in the small town of Puebla.
On July 17, 1861 Mexican President Benito Juárez issued a MORATORIUM, a delay in paying all foreign debt payments for two years. You see, Mexico was in debt, it owed too much money to foreign countries and was unable to pay back the debt as promised. Because of this, France, Britain, and Spain sent boats filled with soldiers to reclaim payment or take over Mexican territories. Fortunately, Britain and Spain came to an understanding and negotiated with Mexico. France did not! Instead, French troops under the direction of Napoleon III decided to start taking over Mexican territories and claiming them for France.
This day remembers an event that occurred in a small state of Puebla. In May 5, 1862, El Día de la Batalla de Puebla, in English it means The Day of the Battle of Puebla, Mexicans showed strong patriotism against the French OCCUPATION and restored order to Mexico.
Cinco de Mayo marks the victory of the Mexican Army over the French at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. This date symbolizes Mexican pride, unity, and patriotism. In the United States, Cinco de Mayo is a day to celebrate family, culture, and the experiences of Americans of Mexican ancestry. (Scholastic, 2013)
Recently, the people of Puebla celebrate their 150th year anniversary. This date is proudly celebrated by Mexican-Americans in the United States as a symbol of independence and bravery against difficult odds.
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How do you celebrate Cinco the Mayo? How is Cinco de Mayo celebrated in your home or neighborhood?